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June 3, 2015


Brine Shrimp Cysts Facing Import Hurdles


Clearance hurdles are hampering the import brine shrimp cysts (Artemia, eggs) at India’s ports.


Muthukaruppan, president of Society of Aquaculture Professionals, said, “Though we have talked to authorities and cleared the held-up consignments, it is enough only for the next few months after which there will be a shortage if the problem is not sorted out.”


Shrimp hatcheries in India use five kilograms of Artemia cysts to produce a million Penaeus vannamei postlarvae, said L. Satyanarain, president of the All India Shrimp Hatcheries Association.  India currently imports $23 million worth of Artemia cysts a year.  Since January 1, 2015, the health certificate for Artemia cysts, which used to be issued by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), is now issued by the state of California.  The new certificate has a different format and does not mention the absence of pathogens directly, but does include testing done by the University of Arizona.  “The new format is not agreeable to the Indian authorities, though the rest of the documentation remain the same,” Satyanarain said.


There is almost no risk of pathogens associated with the import of Artemia from the Great Salt Lake in the state of Utah, USA.  The product can be tested at Indian ports by the government institutes if needed, Satyanarain said in a letter addressed to Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh.  He also suggested that the agriculture ministry could take up the issue with USDA asking it to follow the earlier format.


Farmed shrimp accounts for over 65% of the $4.7 billion seafood exports from India.


Source: The Economic Times.  Artemia Cyst Larval Feed Import Hurdles Trouble Shrimp Farmers.   P.K. Krishnakumar.  June 2, 2015.

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