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April 3, 2016


Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture Makes Shrimp Feed


Researchers at the Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, have developed a new feed for India’s multi-billion dollar shrimp farming industry, which currently gets its feeds from foreign companies.  Branded as “Vannamei Plus”, the Indian-made feed is cheaper than the foreign feeds and produces just as much shrimp per hectare.  Three medium-scale feed mills have already been built to produce the new feed.


CIBA director Dr. K.K. Vijayan said that feed represents 60 percent of production costs in shrimp faming and that in the last five years the cost of shrimp feed has more than doubled.  The current market price is $1.33 per kilogram, while the actual input costs are under $0.66 a kilo.  Feed companies enjoy large margins and offer high commissions to dealers.


CIBA is in talks with government agencies to make money available for farmers to set up feed mills using the CIBA technology.  Karuna Raju, a farmer in the state of Andhra Pradesh, has invested $226,000 to build a feed mill using the CIBA technology to produce Vannamei Plus for his 50-hectare shrimp farm.



Other Developments in India


The Indian shrimp farming industry has witnessed phenomenal growth in the past four years.  The Marine Products Export Development Agency states that export production has grown from 170,000 metric tons four years ago to 350,000 tons in 2014-2015.  Nonetheless, all aquaculture states are on the alert for Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP), a new microsporidian parasite associated with retarded growth.  All major shrimp farming states—Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Gujarat—have been placed under national surveillance because EHP could reduced India’s production of farmed shrimp in 2015-2016.  CIBA’s new $226,000 experimental station in Muttukadu will shortly have a sophisticated testing center for EHP.


With increasing concern over food safety, the Coastal Aquaculture Authority’s (CAA) Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare is introducing stringent norms and new registration procedures for all aquaculture inputs.  Shrimp farmers and hatchery operators will only be able to use registered inputs in their facilities and no antibiotics will be allowed


Dr. P. Ravichandran, Member Secretary of CAA, said a public notice has already been issued that will establish standards for all coastal aquaculture inputs like postlarvae, feed, feed additives, disinfectants, other chemicals, drugs, fertilizers, probiotics and immunostimulants.


Source: The New Indian Express.  Desi Shrimp Farms Get Made in India Feed.  S.V. Krishna Chaitanya.  April 3, 2016.

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