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October 3, 2014

Thailand

Thai Come Back, Daniel Gruenberg Reports

 

Thai shrimp exports have increased from an average of 84 containers per day in July 2014 to about 109 containers per day recently.  I do see more farmers willing to stock ponds in Eastern Thailand, and more farmers seem to be harvesting smaller shrimp, which would explain the reason for the recent drop in prices for smaller shrimp, but almost no movement on prices for larger shrimp.  At the Mahachai shrimp market, prices for 50-count-per-kilogram whole shrimp are about $6.78.

 

Processors I have spoken with say there is still very little volume on shrimp above 80-count-per-kilogram.  It seems that early mortality syndrome (EMS) and other disease problems in Thailand have evolved from an early mortality scenario to a chronic, slow growth scenario.

 

Most farms I have visited report average daily growth of around 0.1-gram a day or 0.7-gram a week, which is about half of what most farmers see as feasible or conducive to modest profits.  There continues to be a problem getting growth and survival rates back to normal levels.

 

The Thai government has put a lot of effort into promoting the use of “original” broodstock and avoiding the use of “copied” animals from ponds.  Clear data exists that postlarvae (PLs) from original broodstock perform more than 250% better in terms of productivity per unit area when compared to PLs produced from copied broodstock.  I see this as a significant step forward in the battle against EMS and shrimp disease in general.  Hopefully, the import of more resistant strains of broodstock from Latin America—that are being approved or are in process of being approved—will continue to bolster Thailand’s nascent recovery.

 

Thai processors are now working hard to regain the customers they lost when EMS interfered with deliveries.  I think Thailand will produce about 200,000 metric tons this year, a number consistent with other estimates and not changed since I first predicted 180,000 to 200,000 tons earlier this year.

 

I see a slow but steady increase in production for 2015!

 

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers).  Subject: 30% Increase in Thai Shrimp Production.  Daniel Gruenberg (seagardenfoods@mac.com). October 2, 2014.

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