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December 8, 2015

United States

Washington DC—FDA Refusals in November 2015

 

   

 

On December 4, 2015, the USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported 129 seafood entry line* refusals for the month of November 2015.  Nine (7.0%) were for banned antibiotics in shrimp.

 

With one month left in 2015, FDA has now refused a record 386 entry lines of shrimp for reasons related to banned antibiotics.

 

The nine entry line refusals in November principally involved shrimp manufactured by one Vietnamese company.  The refusals were reported from four different FDA District Offices spread across the country:

 

Bac Lieu Fisheries (Vietnam), a company listed on Import Alert 16-124 for sulfadoxine on June 19, 2015, but not currently listed on Import Alert 16-129, had five entry lines refused for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues in the Los Angeles District, two entry lines refused for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues in the Atlanta District, and one entry line refused for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues in the New York District.

 

Globe Season Enterprises (Malaysia), a company not currently listed on either Import Alert 16-124 or Import Alert 16-129, had one entry line refused for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues in the Baltimore District.

 

The eight entry line refusals of shrimp shipped from Vietnam, by three different FDA District Offices, are the first refusals of Vietnamese shrimp for reasons related to banned antibiotics since May 2015.  In total, the FDA has reported refusing 38 entry lines of Vietnamese shrimp for banned antibiotics in 2015, the second most since 2002, when 48 entry lines of Vietnamese shrimp were refused.

 

 

Other Countries Are Also Refusing Shrimp Shipments

 

For example, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency currently includes six Vietnamese companies on its Mandatory Inspection List (MIL) for antibiotics in 2015:

 

Nha Trang Seaproduct Company was placed on the MIL on February 12, 2015, for both sulfonamides and fluoroquinolones.

 

Global Blue Ocean Import Export Joint Stock Company was placed on the MIL on March 4, 2015, for sulfonamides.

 

Trang Thuy Private Enterprise was placed on the MIL on June 5, 2015, for amphenicols.

 

Bien Dong Seafoods Co. Ltd. was placed on the MIL on September 18, 2015, for fluoroquinolones.

 

Quoc Viet Seaproducts Processing Trading and Import-Export Co., Ltd. was placed on the MIL on November 23, 2015, for tetracyclines.

 

Vietnam Clean Seafood Corporation was placed on the MIL on November 30, 2015, for amphenicols.

 

 

Japan

 

The Import Food Inspection Services (IFIS) of Japan’s Ministry of Health, Welfare and Labor reported finding banned antibiotics in 23 shipments of shrimp from Vietnam in 2015, with rejections reported in every month for a varied array of antibiotics:

 

On January 21, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of shrimp (frozen ebi fry) from Vietnam by New Wind Seafood Co. Ltd. was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On January 30, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of stretched giant tiger shrimp from Vietnam by Fine Foods Company was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On February 10, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of giant tiger shrimp from Vietnam by Seaprodex Minh Hai was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On February 27, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of nobashi ebi from Vietnam by Seaprimexco was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On March 5, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of Penaeus vannamei from Vietnam by Ngo Bros Seaproducts Import Export One Member Co., Ltd., was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On March 13, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of P. vannamei from Vietnam by Hoang Phuong Seafood Factory was found to have traces of furazolidone.

 

On March 18, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of P. vannamei from Vietnam by Camau Seafood was found to have traces of oxytetracycline.

 

On March 30, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of sushi ebi (P. vannamei) from Vietnam by Vietnam Clean Seafood Corporation was found to have traces of sulfadiazine.

 

On April 23, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of Frozen stretched giant tiger shrimp from Vietnam by Fine Foods Company was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On May 19, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of Fresh Frozen nobashi P. vannamei from Vietnam by Vietnam Clean Seafood Corporation was found to have traces of chloramphenicol.

 

On May 19, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of Frozen P. vannamei tempura from Vietnam by Ngo Bros Seaproducts Import Export One Member Co., Ltd., was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On May 22, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of deep fried P. vannamei from Vietnam by Saota Food Joint-Stock Co. was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On June 2, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of nobashi P. vannamei from Vietnam by Minh Hai Joint-Stock Seafoods Processing Company was found to have traces of furazolidone.

 

On June 2, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of kinchaku shumai (with shrimp) from Vietnam by GN Foods Joint Stock Company was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On June 22, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of deep-fried P. vannamei from Vietnam by Saota Food Joint-Stock Co. was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On June 22, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of sushi ebi from Vietnam by Vietnam Clean Seafood Corporation was found to have traces of sulfadiazine.

 

On July 24, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of P. vannamei from Vietnam by Seaprodex Minh Hai was found to have traces of furazolidone.

 

On August 20, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of shrimp from Vietnam by Quoc Viet Seaproducts Processing Trading and Import-Export Co., Ltd. was found to have traces of furazolidone.

 

On September 2, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of dried baby shrimp from Vietnam by Chin Tuy Pte. was found to have traces of chloramphenicol.

 

On September 9, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of sushi ebi P. vannamei from Vietnam by Ngo Bros Seaproducts Import Export One Member Company Limited was found to have traces of furazolidone.

 

On October 13, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of P. vannamei from Vietnam by Thuan Phuoc Seafoods and Trading Corporation was found to have traces of furazolidone.

 

On October 28, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of Frozen giant tiger shrimp from Vietnam by Cantho Import Export Fishery Limited Company (CAFISH VIETNAM) was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

On November 19, 2015, IFIS published notice that a shipment of shrimp fry from Vietnam by Quoc Viet Seaproduct Processing Trading and Import-Export Co., Ltd. was found to have traces of enrofloxacin.

 

 

European Union

 

The European Union’s Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) includes six notifications issued in 2015 for Vietnamese shrimp contaminated with a variety of banned antibiotics:

 

On January 14, 2015, a notification was issued from Germany regarding P. vannamei from Vietnam found to have residues of chloramphenicol.

 

On January 22, 2015, a notification was issued from Belgium regarding P. vannamei sushi from Vietnam found to have residues of oxytetracycline.

 

On January 30, 2015, a notification was issued from Denmark regarding P. vannamei from Vietnam found to have residues of tetracycline.

 

On July 14, 2015, a notification was issued from Germany regarding king prawns from Vietnam found to have residues of nitrofurans.

 

On August 26, 2015, a notification was issued from Germany regarding P. vannamei from Vietnam found to have residues of oxytetracycline.

 

On September 1, 2015, a notification was issued from Sweden regarding shrimp from Vietnam found to have residues of doxycycline.

 

 

Australia

 

Australia has reported issues with imports of Vietnamese shrimp in 2015.  Australia’s Department of Agriculture and Water Resources publishes monthly “Failing Food” reports of results from its Imported Food Inspection Scheme, including a report that a shipment of marinated garlic prawns from Trang Khanh Seafood Co., Ltd. tested on May 22, 2015 was found to have ciprofloxacin.

 

 

* Entry Lines: FDA refusals ‎ are not of shipments; rather they are defined as “entry lines”.  A single container of shrimp shipped to the United States could include multiple entry lines.  For example, a single container of imported shrimp could contain peeled and deveined shrimp (PND) of multiple count sizes.  An importer can break this shipment out into multiple entry lines—PND/31-40/count as one, PND/41-50/count as another and PND/51-60/count as a third.  If all of this shrimp is contaminated with antibiotics and detected by the FDA, then that single container load would be reported as three entry line refusals.

 

An entry line is a type of product in any given container or other method of import.  Example: A container of imported shrimp (40,000 pounds) may have several different types of shrimp within that container such as peeled and deveined, cooked, breaded and headless shell-on.  Each different type of product in that container has its own code and each product is considered an “entry line”.

 

Source: Southern Shrimp Alliance.  Shipments of Vietnamese Shrimp Contaminated with Antibiotics Discovered by FDA Again in November.  December 4, 2015.

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