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The Rising Tide

The Proceedings of the World Aquaculture Society’s Special Session on Sustainable Shrimp Farming in Veracruz, Mexico (September 2009)


The Rising Tide, edited by Drs. Craig L. Browdy (Novus International, Inc., craig.browdy@novusint.com) and Darryl F. Jory (Global Aquaculture Alliance and Aquatic Ecosystems, Inc., dejry2525@aol.com), is the proceedings of the World Aquaculture Society’s Special Session on Sustainable Shrimp Farming in Veracruz, Mexico (September 2009).  It contains 316 pages and 28 papers, each with a long list of references.  Many of the papers have charts, tables and black and white photos.  The Editors divided the papers into five sections.


The first section focuses on genetics and breeding.  Papers target a selective breeding program for Penaeus monodon, a review of the transformational successes stemming from development and breeding of specific pathogen free strains of Litopenaeus vannamei, strategies for protection of valuable genotypes from unlicensed breeding, and the development of a robust breeding program in Brazil.


Section two addresses health management.  Some of the latest emerging disease issues and status of diagnostic techniques are expertly reviewed, including histopathological changes that may be associated with inclusion of melamine in shrimp feeds.  In addition, contributions in this section provide important information on potential, practical and proactive tools for assuring shrimp health. The authors provide contrasting viewpoints on opportunities and constraints associated with bacterial additives for probiotic and pond water amendment applications.


Section three targets the area of nutrition and feeds.  The first paper reviews some recent advances in shrimp hatchery feeds and culture technologies.  The majority of the contributions in this section summarize a very wide body of literature from a broad array of sources, providing current information on alternative protein sources for fishmeal extension or replacement.  In addition to the comprehensive reviews, chapters also specifically target rendered proteins and use of seaweeds in shrimp feeds. A thorough review of micronutrients in shrimp diets provides the latest practical information on inclusion levels of key vitamins and minerals.


Section four, the largest, provides the latest information on current production technologies.  The first paper presents a review of shrimp aquaculture development in Mexico, the host country for World Aquaculture 2009.  Next, a compilation of information is provided on nursery technologies, including some of the latest information on intensive juvenile production techniques.  The third paper provides a practical summary of feeding programs and techniques.  The next two papers provide reviews on the theory and engineering of aeration systems for intensification of shrimp production.  The section culminates with three extensive papers on super-intensive, biofioc-based systems technologies with detailed reviews of some of the latest results from the Oceanic Institute and the Waddell Mariculture Center.  Detailed data on the functioning of these high-density systems provides practical know-how for growers applying biofioc strategies for intensive pond production.  Similarly, the chapter on financial analysis provides important insights into areas where improvements in efficiencies can yield the greatest payback for producers.


The last section covers shrimp markets and certification.


Table of Contents


Advances in Penaeus Monodon Breeding and Genetics (Nigel P. Preston, Greg J. Coman, Melony J. Sellars, Jeff A. Cowley, Tom J. Dixon, Yutao Li and Brian S. Murphy)


World Shrimp Farming Revolution: Industry Impact of Domestication, Breeding and Widespread Use of Specific Pathogen Free Penaeus vannamei (James Wyban)


Advances Towards Genetic Protection in Shrimp: Protecting Elite Genotypes from Unlicensed Breeding (Melony J. Sellars)


Ten Years of Shrimp Genetic Improvement in Brazil and Recent Introduction of Specific Pathogen Free Stocks (João Luís Rocha, Ana Carolina Guerrelhas, Ana Karina Teixeira, Flávio Augusto Farias, Ana Paula Teixeira and José Newton de Araújo)


Emerging Non-Viral Infectious and Noninfectious Diseases of Farmed Penaeid Shrimp and Other Decapods (D.V. Lightner, R.M. Redman, C.R. Pantoja, S.A. Navarro, K.F.J. Tang-Nelson, B.L. Noble and L.M. Nunan)


Strategies for Disease Prevention on Shrimp (David J. W. Moriarty and Olivier Decamp)


Probiotics in Aquaculture: Focus on Shrimp Farming (Stephen G. Newman)


Developments in Feed Formulations, Feeding Practices and Culture Techniques for Marine Shrimp Larvae (Roeland Wouters, Maria Lourdes Cobo, Jean Dhont and Mathieu Wille)


Digestive Physiology in Crustacea (Gabriela Gaxiola, Gerard Cuzon and Hubert J. Ceccaldi)


Strategies for Reducing and/or Replacing Fish Meal in Production Diets for the Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus Vannamei (D. Allen Davis and Daranee Sookying)


Protein Sources for Marine Shrimp Aquafeeds: Perspectives and Problems (Ronald Hardy)


Micronutrients in Shrimp Diets (Shi-Yen Shiau, and Sungchul C. Bai)


Rendered Ingredients and Their Use in Shrimp Diets: Status and Prospects (Sergio F. Nates, Dominique P. Bureau, Daniel Lemos and Kent Swisher)


Use of Seaweeds for Shrimp Nutrition: Status and Potential (L. Elizabeth Cruz-Suárez, Mireya Tapia-Salazar, Martha G. Nieto-López and Denis Ricque-Marie)


A Review on the Status of Protein Nutrition of Argentine Penaeoid Shrimp: Comparisons and Contrasts Within the Penaeidae (Jorge L. Fenucci, Ana C. Diaz and Analia v. Fernandez Jiménez)


Aflatoxins and Aflatoxicosis: Background and Relevance for the Marine Shrimp Farming Industry (Duarte E. Diaz and Craig L. Browdy)


Forty Years of Shrimp Aquaculture in Mexico (Karl-Heinz Holtschmit M. and Ernesto A. Garmendia-Nuñez)


Advances in Shrimp Nursery Technologies (Tzachi M. Samocha)


Intensive Nursery and Zero Water-Exchange Systems for Juvenile Penaeus monodon and P. esculentus (Stuart J. Arnold, Melony J. Sellars, Peter J. Crocos, Frank E. Coman, Chris J. Jackson, Greg J. Coman and Sarah A. Groves)


Feed Programs: Maximizing Feed and Feeding Efficiency in Shrimp Farming (César Molina)


Estimating Mechanical Aeration Requirement in Shrimp Ponds From the Oxygen Demand of Feed (Claude E. Boyd)


Aeration Theory and Its Application to Shrimp Culture (Gary L. Rogers)


Performance of Pacific White Shrimp, Penaeus (Litopenaeus) Vannamei, Cultured in Biosecure, Super-Intensive, Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (Clete A. Otoshi, Larren R. Tang, Dustin R. Moss, Steve M. Arce, Carolyn M. Holl and Shaun M. Moss)


Microbial Ecology and Management of Biofloc Systems (Andrew J. Ray, Andrew J. Shuler, John W. Leffler and Craig L. Browdy)


Economic Factors Critical to the Profitability of Super-Intensive Biofloc Recirculating Shrimp Production Systems for Marine Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Terry R. Hanson, Benedict C. Posadas, Tzachi M. Samocha, Alvin D. Stokes, Thomas M. Losordo and Craig L. Browdy)


The Global Shrimp Industry: Current Status of Production and Trade (Helga Josupeit)


Shrimp Specialty Markets: Advantages and Limitations (Carole Engle)


Understanding Aquaculture Certification: Relevance to the Farmed Shrimp Production Industry (Daniel O’C. Lee)


Information: Carol Mendoza.  The World Aquaculture Society (143 J.M. Parker Coliseum, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803 USA, phone 1-225-388-3137, fax 1-225-578-3493 email carolm@was.org).  The book sells for $45 (WAS members) and $90 (nonmembers) and can be purchased at the World Aquaculture Society’s website (https://www.was.org/Main/Default.asp).


Source: The Rising Tide.  The Proceedings of the Special Session on Sustainable Shrimp Farming.  Edited by Craig L. Browdy and Darryl E. Jory.  Published by the World Aquaculture Society.  2009.



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